It's super simple, there are 2 main types of lube: wet and dry.
Wet: it is used when riding in humid conditions, when it rains, or in winter. It is thicker, and lasts longer but accumulates dust more easily.
Dry: it is used when riding in dry conditions such as summer. It is less thick, penetrates tight places more easily, and dust adheres less but it lasts shorter.
For increased performance, some use an even finer lubricant between the meshes to embed the tight spots better before putting on the Dry or Wet lubricant.
*When temperatures drop below 0 degrees wet lubricant works very well.
**Lubricants in the spray are not recommended.
There are several options on the market, make sure to use one that is designed for bikes: effective enough to degrease but not too strong to damage parts.
The Mint'N Dry brand for example is very easy to use as it does not require rinsing, and its ingredients are plant-based and biodegradable. In addition, it is made in Canada and you can also buy it in bulk to reduce its ecological footprint.
*Dish soap is not recommended because it is not strong enough.